These are the Weapons of the Nigerian Army 2018.

Personnel

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With an active duty personnel of 180,000 men, 32,000 in reserve and a paramilitary force of 200,000 men, the Nigerian army has a lot of boots on the ground for an all volunteer army. It represents one of Africa’s largest man army.

 

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Recruits undergo training at the headquaters of the Depot of the Nigerian Army in Zaria, Kaduna State in northcentral Nigeria, on October 5, 2017.

 

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Recruits undergo training at the headquaters of the Depot of the Nigerian Army in Zaria, Kaduna State in northcentral Nigeria, on October 5, 2017.

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MAIN BATTLE TANKS

With 224 Main Battle Tanks and 157 light tanks, there are more tanks in the Nigerian army than in the British Royal Army.

T-72 M1 Tank.

There are 77 T-72 M1 tanks in service with the Nigerian army. Until recently the Nigerian army was facing obsolescence in virtually every front. The tip of the spear of Nigeria’s armoured brigade was the obsolete British built Vickers Mk.III Eagle Tank.  The T-72 M1 is the first new tank the Nigerian army will be acquiring in decades.

Despite the introduction of the T-72 M1 Main Battle Tanks, the bulk of Nigeria’s tank force still consist of older obsolete tanks first introduced in the 1980s. Nigeria currently has about 223 frontline tanks. These are distributed between mechanized infantry and tank brigades.

In 2017 Nigeria took delivery of T-72 M1 tanks from Ukraine and Czech Republic.
A T-72 M1 tank on display during the Nigeria Army Day Celebration in 2018.

VICKERS Mk.III Eagle Tank

There are 108 Vickers Mk.III tanks in service with the Nigerian army.  In a relatively new development the Nigerian army have introduced Battalion Tactical Groups, a reinforced alarms unit capable of independent action consisting of two motor rifle company, artillery, reconnaissance, engineer and support unit. Each manoveur brigade have approximately two battalion tactical group. The building block of this unit are the Vickers Mk.III Eagle tanks.

A Nigerian army Vickers Mk.3 Eagle tank at the entrance of an army base in Port Harcourt, Rivers State for a training exercise names Operation Crocrodile Smile.

AMX-30 Tank

There are 25 remaining AMX-30 Tank in service with the Nigerian army. The AMX-30 has a welded hull and cast turret. Its development was focused on firepower and mobility rather than protection. The Vehicle is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. Armor of the AMX-30 is very thin and protects only from small-bore cannons and artillery shell splinters. It can be penetrated by all modern anti-tank weapons.

The AMX-30 is considered as the worst protected main battle tank ever built and as such has seen little service in Nigeria’s northeast theatre where improvised devices presents challenges for ground units.

There are 33 AMX-30 tanks in storage with the Nigerian army.

FV101 Scorpion light tank.

There are 157 Scorpion tanks in service with the Nigerian army. Though classified as a light tank, this British built tank is used by the Nigerian army primarily for reconnaisance role because of its extraordinary speed. It also provides fire support for amoured forces. The Scorpion light tank holds the Guinness world record for the fastest production tank; recorded doing 82.23 km/h (51.10 mph) at the QinetiQvehicle test track, Chertsey, Surrey, on 26 January 2002.

Nigerian army FV101 Scorpion tanks during a military parade at the Eagle Square, Abuja.
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Nigerian soldiers take part in a parade marking the country’s 58th anniversary of independence, on October 1, 2018, on Eagle Square in Abuja. (Photo by Sodiq ADELAKUN / AFP) (Photo credit should read SODIQ ADELAKUN/AFP/Getty Images)
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Scorpion tanks in Port Harcourt for Operation Crocodile Smile.
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A Scorpion tank on the streets of Port Harcourt taking part in the Nigerian army exercise Operation Crocodile Tears.

Armoured reconnaissance is just one of those things commanders just have to have. You can’t just send in a spearhead of amour not knowing what you’re going up against, whether it be minefieleds, anti–tank weapons, barriers, obstacles, traps etc against an enemy whose adepth at improvised explosive devices (IED).

Its up to Calvary scouts or amoured reconnaisance regiments to find these obstacles and threats and provide real-time tactical situation awareness of the battlefield to advancing forces. If tank commander or troop commanders or brigade commander is giving more information, he has a better overall picture of what he has to bring to the fight.

The Nigerian army has dedicated reconnaisance units and favour light tanks and wheeled amoured personnel carriers in its reconnaissance battalion, chief of which are the French built Panhard series. Commanders also use these Recce units for their fire power rather than just for reconnaissance.

Panhard ERC-90 Sagaie 

There are 80 ERC-90s in service with the Nigerian army.

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ERC-90 Sagaie on display during the Nigerian Army Day celebration in Maiduguri in July 6 2018.
ERC-90 Sagaie on display during the Nigerian Army Day celebration in Maiduguri in July 6 2018.
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There are 80 ERC-90 amoured vehicle in their concrete shelter.

Panhard AML 245

There are 130 Panhard AML in service with the Nigerian army. Like the ERC Sagaie, the AML 245 is used primarily for reconnaissance with secondary fire support role.

Panhard AML amoured vehicle.

ARTILLERY

Palmaria 155 mm Self Propelled Artillery

There are 25 Palmaria 155 mm Self Propelled Howitzer in service with the Nigerian army.

Nigerian artillery on display during the Nigerian Army Day celebration in 2018.
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Nigerian army Palmaria 155 Self propelled howitzer deployed to the northeast.
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Palmaria 155mm SPG in firing position in the Sambisa forest during operations to dislodge Boko Haram from their last major stronghold in the Sambisa.
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Journalists embeded with Nigerian troops in the Sambisa pose for a photo. Behind them are three Palmaria 155mm self propelled howitzer and one Roland short range surface to air missile system.

Oto Melara 120mm Field Howitzer

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Oto Melara 120mm howitzer on display during the Nigerian Army Day celebration in Maiduguri in July 6 2018.

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FH77 155 mm Self Propelled Artillery

There are 25 Bofors 155mm Self Propelled Artillery

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N.A. FH777 155 mm Self propelled artillery on a military parade ground at the Eagle Square, Abuja.

RM-70/MB-21 GRAD MLRS

There are 40 Multipe Launch Rocket Systems in the Nigerian army arsenal.

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Two RM-7 MLRS with troops from the 105 Field Artillery Regiment.
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Nigerian army Field Artillery troops in firing position with two RM-70 MLRS in the Sambisa forest.
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A NA RM-70 in display during the Nigerian Army Day celebration.
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Nigerian army BM-21 Grad.

L-16 81mm Mortar

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Mortar crew carrying out maintenance on an 81 mm mortar

Panhard M3 APC

There are 18 Panhard M3 APC in service with the Nigerian army.

N.A Panhard M.3 at an Independence Day celebration military parade.

Ferret Amoured Vehicle

Number in service: 25

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N.A Feret amoued fighting vehicle at the Eagle Square parade ground during an Independence Day celebration.
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Somewhere in the northeast,

Proforce ARA MRAP

In August 2017 Proforce Nigeria made the first made in Nigeria Mine Resistant Amoured Personnel Carrier (MRAP) called the ARA. About a dozen unit was ordered by the Nigerian army for testing and evaluation with plans to buy more.

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Proforce ARA MRAP on display during the Nigerian Army Day celebration in 2018.
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Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari, his three Service Chiefs and other dignitaries in a group photo with the ARA Mrap the first Nigerian designed and built MRAP.

Otokar Cobra 

The Nigerian army fields 204 of these Turkish made Infantry Mobility Vehicles. The Cobra vehicle forms a common platform which can be adapted for various roles and mission requirements including: armoured personnel carrier, anti-tank vehicle, reconnaissance vehicle, ground surveillance radar vehicle, forward observation vehicle, armoured ambulance, armoured command post, turreted vehicle for 12.7mm machine gun (turret produced by the Israeli firm Rafael), 20mm cannon, anti-tank missiles such as the TOW missile and Spike missiles or surface-to-air missiles.

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A Nigerian soldier stands on an armoured vehicle during a parade.
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A Nigerian soldier stands on an armoured vehicle during a parade marking the country’s 58th anniversary of independence, on October 1, 2018, on Eagle Square in Abuja. (Photo by Sodiq ADELAKUN / AFP) (Photo credit should read SODIQ ADELAKUN/AFP/Getty Images).
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Nigerian army Otokar Cobra Infantry Mobility Vehicle take part in a parade marking the country’s 58th anniversary of independence, on October 1, 2018, on Eagle Square in Abuja. (Photo by Sodiq ADELAKUN / AFP) (Photo credit should read SODIQ ADELAKUN/AFP/Getty Images).
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Nigerian army vehicles take part in a parade marking the country’s 58th anniversary of independence, on October 1, 2018, on Eagle Square in Abuja. (Photo by Sodiq ADELAKUN / AFP) (Photo credit should read SODIQ ADELAKUN/AFP/Getty Images).

 

MT-LB APC 

There are 76 MT-LB APCs in service with the Nigerian army.

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Combat imagery,  MT-LB APC.
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Combat imagery,  MT-LB APC.

MOWAG Piranha I Amoured Fighting Vehicle.

The Nigerian army operates 140 of these highly versatile amoured fighting vehicles.

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Combat imagery with the Mowag Piranha APC.
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Combat imagery with the Mowag Piranha APC.

Saurer 4K 4FA

Of the initial 300 purchased of Austria, 250 remain in active service with the Nigerian army.

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Saurer 4K 4FA Infantry fighting vehicle.
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Combat imagery Saurer 4K 4FA

Streit Spartan MK.III Amoured Fighting Vehicle

Nigeria took delivery of 25 Streit Spartan APC in 2016.

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Freshly delivered Streit Spartan APC.
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Freshly delivered Streit Spartan APC.
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Freshly delivered Streit Spartan APC.

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MAXpro/Caiman MRAP

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In 2016 the United States handed over 24 Mine Resistant Amoured Personnel Carrier to the Nigerian Army.

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Some of the 24 armoured vehicles donated by the United States to the Nigerian military at the Nigerian Army 9th Brigade Parade Ground in Lagos, on January 7, 2016. The U.S. government donated the vehicles to help fight Boko Haram, an extremist group whose six-year insurgency has killed over 17,000 people. / AFP / STEFAN HEUNIS (Photo credit should read STEFAN HEUNIS/AFP/Getty Images).
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A Nigerian soldier stands between the 24 armoured vehicles donated by the United States to the Nigerian military at the Nigerian Army 9th Brigade Parade Ground in Lagos on January 7, 2016.

 

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MAXpro MRAP at the gates of the Nigerian Army base in Port Harcourt.
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Some of the 24 armoured vehicles donated by the United States to the Nigerian military at the Nigerian Army 9th Brigade Parade Ground in Lagos, on January 7, 2016. The U.S. government donated the vehicles to help fight Boko Haram, an extremist group whose six-year insurgency has killed over 17,000 people. / AFP / STEFAN HEUNIS (Photo credit should read STEFAN HEUNIS/AFP/Getty Images).

ZU-23-2 Anti-aircraft Cannon

There are 350 40mm ZU-23-2 anti aircraft cannon in the Nigerian army arsenal. The ZU-23-2 was designed to engage low-flying targets at a range of 2.5 km as well as armoured vehicles at a range of two kilometres (km) and for direct defense of troops and strategic locations against air assault usually conducted by helicopters and low-flying airplanes.

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40mm ZSU-23-2 anti-aircraft cannon on display during the Nigerian Army Day celebration in Maiduguri in July 6 2018.

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The system is paired with the Skyguard. The Skyguard system is contained within a towed trailer, mounted on the roof of which is a pulse doppler search radar, a pulse doppler tracking radar and a co-axial television camera.

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The antenna head, containing the search radar, tracking radar and TV camera of the Skyguard radar system.
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The antenna head, containing the search radar, tracking radar and TV camera of the Skyguard radar system.

The trailer also houses the crew of two and a small petrol generator. Skyguard is an all-weather air defense system for the control of aircraft at low altitude and at low and medium altitude range up to 3,000 m. The maximum effective distance is given as 4,000 m.

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Trailer mounted Skyguard control cabin.
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Nigerian army air defence troops.

The maximum effective distance is given as 4,000 m The system takes the air surveillance, target acquisition, calculation of the derivative-action values and the control of two Oerlikon 35 mm anti-aircraft guns. Skyguard is served by four people.

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Control console of the Skyguard radar system.
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A Nigerian army air defence soldier at the control console of a Skyguard fire control radar system.

 

 

 

 

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2 Replies to “These are the Weapons of the Nigerian Army 2018.”

    1. Counter Insurgency operations is a form of hybrid warfare. The enemy is hidden and not defined…this makes it extremely very difficult if not impossible in defeating an enemy you can not see.

      Like

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