The Nigerian Army is a pivotal element of Nigeria’s security endeavours. Nigeria’s ability to deploy forces anywhere in the ECOWAS bloc within days gives Nigeria leverage to act as a first-class regional military power.
The Nigerian Army has a long tradition of favouring the artillery arm. Having retained the destructive firepower of its artillery brigades, these systems are now augmented with new command and control systems, artillery observation radars, electronic surveillance platforms and tactical drones. This enables Nigerian artillery troops to detect and strike artillery and command posts deep in the territory controlled by the adversary.
The Nigerian Army placed much greater emphasis on using the artillery in a direct fire role. The Palmaria 155mm Self Propelled Howitzer is one of the most powerful pieces of artillery in the world. It can hit targets more than 27 miles away.
It’s the shell itself that is the weapon of artillery. It’s what does the damage. The shell when if leaves a barrel is traveling at 20 metres a second. That’s almost twice the speed of sound.
Kill zone : 100 metres
FH-777 Bofors 155mm Self Propelled Artillery.
Nigerian army doctrine calls for indirect artillery fire to prepare the way for an assault, to bring down defensive walls of fire in front of troops under attack, as well firing in counter-battery roles to destroy enemy artillery. Enemy positions are to be smashed by this intense preparatory bombardment to allow the attacking infantry to easily breakthrough, the masses of armour would pour through the gap created in the enemy lines.
The Nigerian Army employs the less accurate 122mm rocket artillery as the backbone of its indirect fire bombardments.
The RM-70 is fitted with 40 launching tubes for 122 mm rockets. A standard HE-FRAG rocket is 2.87 m long and weights 66 kg. Maximum range of fire is 20.5 km.
The RM-70 is designed to engage ground targets at ranges over 25km. This artillery system can also conduct coastal defense missions in the littoral environment.