Modern navies are an indispensable part of a country’s armed forces. A counry with a coastline has a navy with the same basic mission-to project military might into neighbouring waters and beyond.
Navies protect the homeland, keep shipping routes and lines of communication open, show the flag and deter adversaries. In wartime, a navy projects naval power in order to deny the enemy the ability to do the same. This is achieved by attacking enemy naval forces, conducting amphibious landings, and seizing control of strategic bodies of water and landmasses.
No other navy in the region has the reach of the Nigerian Navy, which regularly operates hundreds of miles offshore, covering as far as the gulf guinea. The Nigerian Navy is in a leaf of its own. It has more tonnage than the next 16 navies combined. It also has the greatest diversity of missions and the largest area of responsibility.
Outside the Nigerian Navy, the country with the next most capable navy is the Cameroonian navy. The Cameroonian navy has come a long way in the last decade. With French assistance Cameroon is gradually building a littoral navy, at least on the short term. The Cameroonian Navy has the most surface fleet outside Nigeria.
The Cameroon Navy. Second Most Powerful Naval Power in West Africa.